The Wobblies (1979)

Deborah Shaffer, an independent documentary director – one of the few women working in 16mm.The film was produced mostly with women as collaborators and principal crew members. It was shot by pioneering camerawomen Sandi Sissel and Judy Irola.

The Wobblies documents the early 20th century radical labor union, The Industrial Workers of the World, and is one of the first films to extend the genre beyond interviews and verité-style photography to include dramatic voice-overs and materials such as cartoons, paintings and posters.