2019 Celluloid Ceiling Report: Study Finds Women Still Largely Underrepresented in Hollywood

Lorene Scafaria’s Hustlers was one of the top-grossing films of 2018


A new report from San Diego State University (SDSU) finds that more than 10% of the directors on last year’s top films were women, which was more than twice as many as in 2018 and the highest number in over a decade. Dr. Martha Lauzen and the Center for the Study of Women in Television and Film have released The Celluloid Ceiling: Behind-the-Scenes Employment of Women on the Top 100, 250, and 500 Films of 2019, and its findings once again show how progress has been made off-screen in terms of gender equality.

Martha Lauzen, executive director of SDSU’s center, has been researching the topic for 20 years. “The film industry has utterly failed to address the continuing under-employment of women behind the scenes. This negligence has produced a toxic culture that supported the recent sexual harassment scandals and truncates the careers of so many women,” said Lauzen.

Women comprised 20% of all directors, writers, producers, executive producers, editors, and cinematographers working on the top 100 (domestic) grossing films of 2019, up from 16% in 2018. Women accounted for 21% of individuals in these roles on the top 250 films, up slightly from 20% in 2018. 

Women made up 12% of directors working on the top 100 grossing films in 2019, up from 4% in 2018 (and 8% in 2017), and 13% on the top 250 films, up from 8% in 2018 (and 11% in 2017).  These figures represent recent historic highs.  However, the percentage of women working as directors on the top 500 films declined slightly from 15% in 2018 to 14% in 2019.

The report also found that of the top 250 grossing films last year, 85% had no women directors; 73% had no women writers; 44% had no women executive producers; 31% had no women producers; 71% had no women editors, and 95% had no women cinematographers, with 31% having no women or only one woman working in any of those roles.

This year’s study monitors a number of additional roles including composers, music supervisors, supervising sound editors, sound designers, production designers, art directors, special effects supervisors, and visual effects supervisors.

The Celluloid Ceiling Report has tracked women’s employment on top grossing films since 1998. It is the most comprehensive, continuous study available of women’s behind-the-scenes employment in film. This year’s study monitored 5,342 films. In its 20-year existence, the study has tracked a total of more than 60,000 movies.

The Center for the Study of Women in Television and Film at San Diego State University is home to the most current and wide-ranging studies of women working on screen and as part of film and television crews.

Read the full report.